Types of Racks in Data Centers

If you want to arrange a full-size data center, you should accommodate all the operating hardware somewhere. High precious computing devices won’t just stand still on the floor. After all, they will take a lot of space. Thus, it is necessary to think about the way of hardware allocation. For such purposes, specialized server furniture is applied. Below, you’ll find out what types of racks in a data center exist on the market for housing server equipment.

Kinds of Server Furniture for Data Centers

As a rule, 4 network rack types are found in a standard server room. All the below-mentioned models are available and can be ordered at So, modern industry manufacturers produce the following products:

  1. Open-frame constructions designed for mounting diverse electronic and network hardware modules that hold IT devices. Its frame consists of two or four metal posts depending on the model. Holes for equipment mounting and fastening are drilled on vertical posts. Rail shelves can be added to simplify hardware maintenance.

The rack height is measured in units. A “2U” inscription in the product name indicates its height. One unit stands for 1,75 inches.

The main feature of racks is their wall-free designs, which serve as a plus and minus at the same time. It is a con since such options can be used in closed premises to avoid unauthorized access. It is a pro since such models don’t require additional ventilation system application. Natural airflow circulates through the rack and functioning parts installed inside of it, cooling them and maintaining the required environmental conditions.

  1. The second most popular furniture for data centers. It differs from racks in its design. A cabinet has an enclosed construction. The hardware is protected by sidewalls and doors. These models serve to hold multiple modules for electronic equipment. They can be of different sizes.

Its indispensable plus is a high level of security due to its enclosed nature. Thus, products can be used in open areas and provide secure functioning of all parts and prevent unauthorized access. However, the issue of cooling is problematic here. The installation of forced ventilation systems is required since computing hardware tends to overheat during operation. To improve heat exchange, doors are usually perforated.

  1. Serve as additional accessories used for equipment organizing inside of the racks and cabinets. In addition, they distinguish drawers. Both drawers and shelves are mounted using rails.
  2. Metal wire enclosures that can store multiple racks and cabinets. Also, more spacious forms of cabinet organization are distinguished – data center suites.

The efficiency of data center functioning greatly depends on space ergonomics and correct device allocation. 4 main types of furniture are used to accommodate devices. Racks are open-frame posts with holes. They are well-ventilated but less secure. Standard cabinets have tight enclosures, which obstruct air circulation, but they better protect equipment. Additional drawers, shelves, rail units can be used to organize comfortable access to all parts. Racks and cabinets can be caged or united in suites. These types of furniture for data centers will allow allocating any type of hardware.

Kody Zoie
the authorKody Zoie